One Million Community Health Workers

One Million Community Health Workers

A Call to Scale-Up Community Health Workers

Conclusions of the Workshop on Financing Community Health Worker Systems at Scale in sub-Saharan Africa Of the One Million Community Health Worker Campaign

This post was originally posted on the Huffington Post’s Impact Blog.¬†

Public health officials and practitioners from around Africa and from international public and private organizations, businesses, and universities, met in Accra, Ghana June 9-11 to consider ways to scale-up the coverage of high-quality community health worker (CHW) systems in our countries to achieve universal health coverage (UHC). In the meeting they pledged to work together to speed the scale-up of CHW systems in sub-Saharan Africa, and issued the following urgent appeal.

We, public health officials and practitioners from around Africa and from international public and private organizations, businesses, and universities, met in Accra, Ghana June 9-11 to consider ways to scale-up the coverage of high-quality community health worker (CHW) systems in our countries to achieve universal health coverage (UHC). We pledge to work together to speed the scale-up of CHW systems in our countries.

We have reviewed the national experiences and the scholarly evidence demonstrating that CHW systems are a critical, integral, cost-effective, and long-term part of effective overall health systems. CHWs save lives, promote public health and wellbeing, bridge health system gaps, improve the quality of life, and help to prevent and end epidemics like Ebola. As members of the communities they serve, CHWs are the health workers closest to households. CHW systems offer high-quality, meaningful employment for young people.

We know that effective national-scale CHW systems start at home. We urge all African governments, including Ministers of Finance and Health, to recognize the indispensable role of CHWs in public health and epidemic control, by taking the following steps:

  1. Making and implementing plans for national-scale CHW systems;
  2. Expanding the domestic funding available for CHW systems;
  3. Ensuring that CHWs are properly trained, remunerated, supported by cutting-edge information systems, and empowered with the proper supplies, equipment, and training needed to provide both preventive and curative care with professional skills and to empower communities in their own health;
  4. Preparing CHW systems to address the non-communicable disease challenges that will be central to the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs);
  5. Supporting CHW systems with state-of-the-art information and communications systems made possible by breakthroughs in mobile broadband, telemedicine, remote monitoring, remote diagnostics, and other recent ICT innovations of great promise and significance;
  6. Empowering communities to work effectively with CHW systems;

On the international side, we underscore the urgent need to scale-up international support for CHW systems, and to convert the fragmented global CHW funding into pooled financing that supports national CHW systems. We are concerned about donors supporting parallel programs rather than national programs. Because of such parallel programs, CHW systems are scattered across many projects, each with its own protocols, ICT systems, if any, varied durations, and inconsistent approaches on training and the range of activities of the CHWs.

We strongly urge donors to pool their CHW resources into a few pooled global funds, including the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB, and Malaria, GAVI, the new Global Finance Facility, and possibly a new Global Fund for Health Systems. These pooled funds should provide additional financing for CHWs in a flexible and timely manner. We call on the donor partners to end the donor fragmentation and the long delays in disbursements. The time for scale-up has arrived.

We note that two countries in Africa, Guinea and Sierra Leone, are still battling Ebola, while Liberia has succeeded in ending their Ebola epidemic in part through the successful deployment of community health workers. Ebola is a scourge that takes hold in places with under-financed and fragmented health systems that lack effective CHW system support. We call on the international community to support the Ebola-affected countries to scale-up their national health systems, including high-quality CHW systems, with full urgency.

We note that the world is on the verge of adopting the new SDGs, calling among other things for UHC as part of SDG 3. We also note that world leaders will assemble in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia next month to take steps to finance the new SDGs. We firmly believe and declare that success in universal health coverage will require the proper funding and scale-up of CHW systems in our countries and throughout Africa. We call on world leaders to heed the exciting opportunities at hand to save lives by the millions in the coming years through professionalized, high-quality CHW systems linked to overall high-quality health care systems.

We address this appeal to the leaders of national governments and the international health organizations. We kindly request the One Million Community Health Workers Campaign report back to the participating governments in advance of the UN SDG Summit in September 2015, so that we can move forward effectively and confidently together in an urgent and timely manner.


June 11, 2015

Adopted by acclamation with:

Government representatives from:

Ministry of Health, Burkina Faso

Ministry of Finance, Burkina Faso

Ministry of Health, Congo-Brazzaville

Government of Ghana

Ministry of Health, Ghana

Ministry of Finance, Ghana

Ghana Health Services

Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development, Ghana

Ministry of Health and Public Hygiene, Guinea

Ministry of Health, Kenya

Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, Liberia

Ministry of Finance, Liberia

Ministry of Health, Malawi

Ministry of Finance, Malawi

Ministry of Health, Mozambique

National Primary Health Care Development Agency, Nigeria

Ministry of Health, Rwanda

Ministry of Health and Social Action, Senegal

Ministry of the Economy, Finance, and Planning, Senegal

Ministry of Health and Sanitation, Sierra Leone

Ministry of Finance, Sierra Leone

Ministry of Health, Uganda

Ministry of Finance, Uganda

Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, Tanzania

Ministry of Finance, Tanzania

Ministry of Community Development, Zambia

Ministry of Health, Zambia

 Representatives from:


Brandeis University

Earth Institute at Columbia University

Moi University

Clinton Health Access Initiative, Zambia

Columbia Global Center East & Southern Africa

Columbia Global Center West & Central Africa

Global Health Workforce Alliance (GHWA)

Harvard University

Johns Hopkins University

Last Mile Health

Living Goods

Management Sciences for Health, USA

Management Sciences for Health, Ghana

Management Sciences for Health, Rwanda

Millennium Development Goals Health Alliance

Millennium Promise Inc.

Millennium Villages Project, Ghana

CORE Group

National Health Insurance Fund, Ghana

Sanford International Clinics, USA

Sanford International Clinics, Ghana

Save the Children, Sierra Leone

Sustainable Development Solutions Network

Tanzanian Training Centre for International Health

University of Ghana School of Public Health

University of Washington


WHO Ghana

World Vision International

World Vision, Ghana

1 Comment

  1. Symphrose Ouma

    My compliments to the One Million Community Healthworkers Initiative. It is my hope that the commitment that our African Governments have put on paper will bear fruit this time round. As you may be aware there have been varied Congresses/Conferences at which commitments were made but our CHWs remain UN-remunerated, untrained and demotivated and yet day in day out they shoulder on.

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